Rag Kalingada is very similar to Bhairav.  Unlike Bhairav, this rag is performed in the last part of the night.  There has been a strong tendency over the last few decades to take lighter interpretations of both Kalingada as well as Bhairav.  The result is that the two rags have begun to converge.  Whenever there is such a convergence, the general tendency is for rags to asume the name of Bhairav. If this tendency continues, we can expect Kalingada to completely merge with Bhairav and to lose its identity in the process.

The structure of Kalingada is very simple.  It is a sampurna – sampurna rag performed in a very straight manner.

The problems of the vadi / samvadi theory are clearly seen here.  Some say that Pa and Sa are the vadi and samvadi.  Unfortunately, there is no agreement on this point.  Ga, Dha, and Ma have also been declared to be the vadi and samvadi (in various combinations).  Kalingada’scharacteristics are:

Arohana

Avarohana

Jati

Sampurna – Sampurna

Time

Last part of night

That

Bhairav That -

Drone

Sa – Pa -